Commercial off-the-shelf (/m/07c5jb)

In the United States, commercial off-the-shelf is a Federal Acquisition Regulation term for commercial items, including services, available in the commercial marketplace that can be bought and used under government contract. For example, consumer goods and construction materials may qualify as COTS but bulk cargo does not. Services associated with the commercial items may also qualify as COTS, including installation services, training services, and cloud services. COTS purchases are alternatives to custom developments or one-off government-funded developments. COTS typically requires configuration that is tailored for specific uses and the key characteristic that differentiates COTS from Custom software is that the user configurations are within the defined parameters of the commercial item and not the result of customizations to the commercial item itself. The use of COTS has been mandated across many government and business programs, as such products may offer significant savings in procurement, development, and maintenance. Motivations for using COTS components include hopes for reduction of overall system-development and costs and reduced long-term maintenance costs.
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  • /wikipedia/ar/Commercial_off-the-shelf
  • /wikipedia/ar/COTS
  • /wikipedia/ar/البرمجيات_التجارية_الجاهزة
  • /wikipedia/da/Commercial-off-the-shelf
  • /wikipedia/da/COTS
  • /wikipedia/da/Hyldevare
  • /wikipedia/de/Commercial_off-the-shelf
  • /wikipedia/en/Commercial_off_the_shelf
  • /wikipedia/en/Commercial_off-the-shelf
  • /wikipedia/en/Commercial-off-the-shelf
  • /wikipedia/en/Consumer_off-the-shelf
  • /wikipedia/en/Evolutionary_Process_for_Integrating_COTS-Based_Systems
  • /wikipedia/en/Off-the-shelf_software
  • /wikipedia/es/Componente_tomado_fuera_del_estante
  • /wikipedia/fi/COTS
  • /wikipedia/fr/Commercia_off-the-shelf
  • /wikipedia/fr/Commercial_off_the_shelf
  • /wikipedia/fr/Commercial_off-the-shelf
  • /wikipedia/fr/Commercial_off-the-shelf_(COTS)
  • /wikipedia/fr/Composant_pris_sur_étagère
  • /wikipedia/fr/Composant_sur_étagère
  • /wikipedia/he/רכיבי_מדף
  • /wikipedia/it/Componente_COTS
  • /wikipedia/it/Componente_OTS
  • /wikipedia/it/COTS
  • /wikipedia/ja/商用オフザシェルフ
  • /wikipedia/ko/상용_기성품
  • /wikipedia/no/Hyllevare
  • /wikipedia/no/Lagervare
  • /wikipedia/ru/Коробочный_программный_продукт
  • /wikipedia/sv/Commercial-off-the-shelf
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